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OriginOfSpecies - 475 Rows
Column Type #Values Column Stats
id int(11) 475 Column Stats
subject varchar(80) 14 Column Stats
title varchar(250) 139 Column Stats
ordinal int(11) 30 Column Stats
description text 474 Column Stats

475 rows, page 76 of 119 (4/p)
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Export to Excel select * from OriginOfSpecies order by subject limit 300, 4 (Page 76: Row)
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title
ordinal
description
06 - Difficutiles in Theory 06-12 - Organs not in all Cases Absolutely Perfect 30 So we may believe that the progenitor of the seal did not possess a flipper, but a foot with five toes fitted for walking or grasping; but we may further venture to believe that the several bones in the limbs of the monkey, horse, and bat, were originally developed, on the principle of utility, probably through the reduction of more numerous bones in the fin of some ancient fish-like progenitor of the whole class.
seal
seal

monkey
monkey

horse
horse

bat
bat


It is scarcely possible to decide how much allowance ought to be made for such causes of change, as the definite action of external conditions, so-called spontaneous variations, and the complex laws of growth; but with these important exceptions, we may conclude that the structure of every living creature either now is, or was formerly, of some direct or indirect use to its possessor.
06 - Difficutiles in Theory 06-12 - Organs not in all Cases Absolutely Perfect 40 With respect to the belief that organic beings have been created beautiful for the delight of man,- a belief which it has been pronounced is subversive of my whole theory,- I may first remark that the sense of beauty obviously depends on the nature of the mind, irrespective of any real quality in the admired object; and that the idea of what is beautiful, is not innate or unalterable.
06 - Difficutiles in Theory 06-12 - Organs not in all Cases Absolutely Perfect 50 We see this, for instance, in the men of different races admiring an entirely different standard of beauty in their women.

If beautiful objects had been created solely for man's gratification, it ought to be shown that before man appeared, there was less beauty on the face of the earth than since he came on the stage.

Were the beautiful volute and cone shells of the Eocene epoch, and the gracefully sculptured ammonites of the Secondary
period, created that man might ages afterwards admire them in his cabinet?
Volute Shell
Volute Shell

Cone Shell
Cone Shell


Few objects are more beautiful than the minute siliceous cases of the diatomaceae: were these created that they might be examined and admired under the higher powers of the microscope?
diatom
diatom

microscope
microscope
06 - Difficutiles in Theory 06-12 - Organs not in all Cases Absolutely Perfect 60 The beauty in this latter case, and in many others, is apparently wholly due to symmetry of growth.

Flowers rank amongst the most beautiful productions of nature; but they have been rendered conspicuous in contrast with the green leaves, and in consequence at the same time beautiful, so that they may be easily observed by insects.
insect
insect


I have come to this conclusion from finding it an invariable rule that when a flower is fertilised by the wind it never has a gaily-coloured corolla.

Several plants habitually produce two kinds of flowers; one kind open and coloured so as to attract insects; the other closed, not coloured, destitute of nectar, and never visited by insects.

Hence we may conclude that, if insects had not been developed on the face of the earth, our plants would not have been decked with beautiful flowers, but would have produced only such poor flowers as we see on our fir, oak, nut and ash trees, on grasses, spinach, docks, and nettles, which are all fertilised through the agency of the wind.
fir
fir

oak
oak

ash
ash

grass
grass

spinach
spinach

Dock Plant
Dock Plant

nettle
nettle